CAM Cell Design Based on Nano-Electro-Mechanical Switch and CMOS for Highly Efficient Processors

Author: A. Seyedi

Abstract

We introduce a novel Content Addressable Memory (CAM) cell, NEMsCAM, based on both Nano-electro-mechanical (NEM) switches and CMOS technologies. The memory component of the proposed CAM cell is designed with two complementary non-volatile NEM switches and located on top of the CMOS-based comparison component. As a use case for the NEMsCAM cell, we design first-level data and instruction Translation Lookaside Buffers (TLBs) with 16nm CMOS technology at 2GHz. The simulations show that the NEMsCAM TLB reduces the energy consumption per search operation (by 27%), write operation (by 41.9%) and standby mode (by 53.9%), and the area (by 40.5%) compared to a CMOS-only TLB with minimal performance overhead.